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Explain how each recent theoretical perspective regards children and adults as active contributors to their own development. (up. 20-25) Each theoretical perspective regards children and adults as active contributors to their own development. Information Processing began with the idea that the human mind can act as a manipulating system through which information flows. It is a perspective that demonstrates people that learn from their thinking to solve a problem. It is suggested that younger people use this skill more efficiently than older people.

However, it is still believed that children and adults actively tackle many cognitive tasks using this approach. Developmental Psychology refers to the idea that each individual goes through a short period of time in which the individuals are “biologically prepared to acquire certain adaptive behaviors but needs support of an appropriately stimulating environment”. If one fails to actively go through this short but critical life phase it is suggested that intelligence will be impaired and cannot be retrieved in adult years because the capacity to acquire the knowledge has been reduced.

Visigoths Coloratura Theory suggests that adults learn their culture as hey develop and pass this knowledge down to their children. This maintains cultural specific beliefs and practices that allow cultures to continuously maintain a population. Social interaction which is included in this theory suggests that by allowing children and adults to socialize with older generations, the children and adults will have guidance and grow to behave and think similarly to the older generations.

The Ecological Systems Theory suggests that environmental forces and a child’s biological dispositions enforce development. The activities and interactions in a person’s immediate surrounds allow a person to develop (Beer, L. E. , 2010). 2. REVIEW: Explain the genetic origins of UP and Down syndrome. Cite evidence that both heredity and environment contribute to the development of individuals with these disorders. (up. 48-50, 52-53) The genetic origins of UPS involve a homozygous recessive trait that causes the body to have an inability to break down a specific amino acid found in many foods.

By inheriting the trait from the mother and father, the offspring fails to break down this amino acid causing toxic results to the body. The environment is a factor because if food from the environment is consumed thou knowledge of UP mental and physical development will be impaired. The environment can also determine the size of a gene pool. The larger the gene pool, the larger variety of traits that can be passed to offspring, therefore, a less chance of having two of the same recessive traits that cause UP.

As a population increases in numbers, so does the gene pool (Beer, L. E. , 2010). The genetic origins of Down syndrome involve the failure of the 21st chromosome to separate during meiosis causing an extra chromosome to be inherited. The environment contributes to the development because this syndrome that causes mental retardation, memory and beech problems, limited vocabulary, and slow motor movement can be more likely to occur in older people who try to reproduce.

Also, because these people may need extra developmental help and more time, the environment must adjust to allow them to fit into society (Beer, L. E. , 2010). APPLY: Cecilia and Aden each gave birth to a 3- pound baby 7 weeks preterm. Cecilia is single and on welfare. Aden and her husband are happily married and earn a good income. Plan an intervention for helping each baby develop. (p. 103) Cecilia must make her primary focus on the baby because it needs stimulation and needs to build trust with the mother.

Welfare needs may bring down her self-esteem drastically but she must be willing to use this temporary assistance for the baby and his or her development. Aden and her husband must make a plan where one individual must remain with the baby while the other continues to work. The idea here is that both mothers remain with their babies to help in the development by allowing the babies to trust and become stimulated with love and affection.

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