Abraham Lincoln was elected the President of the United States in 1860 with an anti-slavery docket. and this gave the feeling to the Southern States that they no longer belonged in the Union. South Carolina became the first province to splinter the Union on December 20. 1860. In the undermentioned few months six more provinces. whose agribusiness based economic system was dependent on the free labour bondage provided. followed South Carolina’s lead and followed suit.
The seven provinces. South Carolina. Mississippi. Florida. Alabama. Georgia. Louisiana. and Texas formed the Confederate States of America and chose the Mississippi senator. Jefferson Davis as their interim president ( PBS ) . Lincoln claimed in his inaugural reference in March 1861that it was his duty to maintain the Union intact. He went on to province that he would non stop bondage where it existed. or take back the Fugitive Slave Law ( a 1850 jurisprudence necessitating all runaway slaves to the Northern provinces where bondage did non be. to be returned to their Masterss in the South ) . It was apprehensible why this place of Mr.
Lincoln’s did non sit good with the African Americans or the white Americans against bondage. but what was surprising was that it did non make anything to fulfill the Confederacy. Hence. on April 12. 1861 the Confederates attacked Fort Summer and the Civil Started had started. Immediately following the onslaughts another four provinces. Virginia. Arkansas. North Carolina. and Tennessee joined the Confederacy. Even though President Lincoln made it copiously clear that he was contending to maintain the Union intact and non for bondage or for the rights of the inkinesss. from the really start the free African Americans rushed to enlist in the ground forces.
Their services were refused and Torahs declining inkinesss the right to enlist in the ground forces were maintained because Lincoln wanted to turn out to the Whites in the Northern provinces that their privileges as the superior race were non in any danger. The Confederate states on the other manus was utilizing the enslaved labour for attempts to win the war. Slave labour was being used as nurses. washwomans. blacksmiths and they were working in mills and armouries ( PBS ) . As the Northern ground forces managed to perforate into the Southern district. there was a big inflow of refugees.
The slave runawaies were labeled “contraband of war” and if it could be proven that their labour was used to assist the Confederacy they were given their freedom. Despite declaring the black runawaies free. Lincoln still steadfastly held on to the thought that this war was non about puting the slaves free but keeping the Union together. By early 1862 Lincoln was get downing to believe that some sort of an emancipation order was needed if North was to win. The Announcement As the war drew on. a figure of authoritiess in Europe started to believe about acknowledging the Confederacy and mediating against the Union.
Besides at place the Congressional and public sentiment grew more towards the fact that bondage was non right and it needed to be abolished as a policy of war. Faced with such mounting force per unit area from all sides Lincoln felt that if a declaration was made to liberate the slaves. so European sentiment would be with the North. and he would acquire the support needed for his ain disposal and the war attempt. that he decided to outline the Emancipation Proclamation in 1862 ( Emancipation Proclamation ) . On July 13. 1862. Lincoln read out the preliminary announcement to his Secretaries William H.
Seward and Gideon Wells and both were left at a loss for words. and Lincoln did non discourse the affair farther. On July 22 Lincoln read the Announcement at his Cabinet meeting and got a assorted reaction. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton. deciphered the step as a method of taking the slave labour off from the Confederacy while leting more work forces into the Union Army and supported its release every bit shortly as possible. the Postmaster General Montgomery Blair predicted day of reckoning in the autumn elections. while the Attorney General Edward Bates was against equality in the political and civil sphere for the Blacks.
Since the President was non concerned about his Cabinet’s position of the substance of the Proclamation merely its manner. the way on future action was set ( www. memory. loc. gov ) . To demo that the announcement was being issued out of strength and non a mark of failing. Secretary of State Seward recommended that Lincoln non publish it until there was some important Union triumph. The chance presented itself when there was a Union triumph at Antietam on September 22. 1862 and five yearss after that Lincoln issued the Proclamation which became effectual on January 1. 1863.
The main map of the announcement was to convey peace back and reconstruct Union control. and was perceived as a steadfast committedness to get rid of bondage. Announcement besides turned around the strengths of the warring parties by taking away the slave labour from the Confederates. whose anchor in war attempts was formed by the slaves and gave this advantage to the Union ( Borade ) . England and France were dependent upon the cotton they got from the South. and the Confederacy was hopeful that these states would come in the war on their side.
By turning the war into a battle against bondage. England and France sided with the Union because their citizens were against bondage ( Emancipation Proclamation Prliminary Events. 2009 ) . The intent of restricting the announcement to a few provinces was because Lincoln had the authorization to take such an action on his ain. a announcement like this would non hold Constitutional power over Union provinces since they had certain rights ( The Emancipation Proclamation ) .
In world the announcement freed really few slaves. because the boundary line states contending for the Union were non affected by it. nor were the southern countries already under Union control. and the rebellious provinces ignored the order. The Emancipation Proclamation is made up of two executive orders ; the first order stated that if the breaking away did non set an terminal to the war and return to the Union by 1 January 1863. so all the slaves in the Confederate States would be set free. The 2nd order listed the specific provinces to which the order applied.
The Proclamation besides had clauses which focused on rebellion and how to make away with it. It was stated that any single get downing a rebellion would be incarcerated for 10 old ages and would be fined 10 thousand dollars. If on the other manus. the single freed his slaves. the tribunal would non penalize them ( Borade ) . The announcement besides said that freed slaves who met with the necessary demands would be allowed into the armed services of the Union. which was a major displacement from the old policy.
The original Emancipation Proclamation is housed in the National Archives in Washington D. C. . and covers five pages of text. It was held together with thin ruddy and bluish threads which were stuck to the page that has signatures by the seal of the United States. The emancipation papers was transferred from the Department of State to the National Archives in 1936 ( Emancipation Proclamation ) . Works Cited Borade. G. ( n. d. ) . Purpose and Effects of the Emancipation Proclamation. Retrieved August 3. 2010. from World Wide Web.
buzzle. com: hypertext transfer protocol: /www. buzzle. com/articles/purpose-and-effects-of-the-emancipation-proclamation. html Emancipation Proclamation. ( n. d. ) . Retrieved August 3. 2010. from World Wide Web. archives. gov: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. archives. gov/exhibits/featured_documents/emancipation_proclamation/ Emancipation Proclamation. ( n. d. ) . Retrieved August 2. 2010. from World Wide Web. Encyclopaedia Britannica: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. britannica. com/EBchecked/topic/185468/Emancipation-Proclamation Emancipation Proclamation Prliminary Events. ( 2009. January 01 ) .
Retrieved August 03. 2010. from World Wide Web. robinsonlibrary. com: hypertext transfer protocol: //robinsonlibrary. com/america/unitedstates/1783/slavery/emancipation. htm PBS. ( n. d. ) . World Wide Web. phosphate buffer solution. org. Retrieved August 2. 2010. from hypertext transfer protocol: //www. phosphate buffer solution. org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2967. html The Emancipation Proclamation. ( n. d. ) . Retrieved August 3. 2010. from World Wide Web. usconstitution. cyberspace: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. usconstitution. net/eman. hypertext markup language World Wide Web. memory. loc. gov. ( n. d. ) . Retrieved August 2. 2010. from hypertext transfer protocol: //memory. loc. gov/ammem/alhtml/almintr. hypertext markup language