This research investigates the sexual content on telecasting and the young person in Malayan society.
What is Sexual Content?
First. the significance of ‘sexual content’ demands to be operationalized in order to continue with the research. Sexual content is therefore defined as any word picture of sexual activity. sexually implicative behavior. conversations on subjects about gender or sexual activity ( Kaiser Family Foundation. 2005 ) . To be considered as sexual behavior. actions must convey a sense of possible sexual familiarity ( Kaiser Family Foundation. 2005 ) . For illustration. a passionate buss between two characters with an evident romantic involvement would be classified as sexual behavior. but a buss on the cheek as a signifier of recognizing between two friends would non be. Usually. sexual behavior appears in the signifier of passionate caressing. confidant touching. nakedness. and intercourse ( Kunkel. et Al. . 2005 ) . Sexual duologue involves a scope of different types of conversations. It can finally be classified into one of six distinguishable classs: remarks about ain or others’ sexual actions or involvements ; conversations about sexual intercourse that have already occurred ; conversations suggesting or taking towards sex ; conversations about sex-related offenses ; adept advice on sex. and other ( Kaiser Family Foundation. 2005 ) .
Implied sexual activity or intercourse is said to happen when a plan portrays one or more scenes instantly next ( sing both topographic point and clip ) to an act of sexual intercourse that is clearly inferred by narrative device ( Kaiser Family Foundation. 2005 ) . For illustration. a scene affecting a twosome caressing. fumbling. or discasing one another as they stumble into a darkened sleeping room. followed by the dissolution of the scene ; or a couple shown waking up in bed together. All types of sexual content in media may include the above portrayed via vocal wordss. cyberspace. online and telecasting advertizements. telecasting programmes. films. play. music picture. postings. magazines. newspapers. novels etc. Media and Effectss
Media has become a strong influence in society. particularly on the young person of today. Peoples are invariably exposed to a immense figure of images of force. sex. famous persons. merchandises. and so much more on telecasting that it has become the most influential media distribution channel. So. it can be said that it affects the kids ( 6 old ages to 12 old ages of age ) . adolescents ( 13 old ages to 17 old ages of age ) and immature grownups ( 18 old ages to 25 old ages of age ) in assorted ways. These effects of sexual media content on viewing audiences include cognitive. emotional. attitudinal. and behavioral results ( Huston. Wartella. and Donnerstein. 1998 ) . In other words. sexual content on telecasting can bring down effects on its audience in footings of their beliefs. behavior. and emotions.
Media shapes the ideas and positions of its audience in assorted ways. For illustration. in a survey done by Dr. Michelle M. Garrison. of the Seattle Children’s Research Institute ( Anon. 2011 ) . usage of media including picture games. cyberspace. and telecasting. was examined to find its impact on the sleep forms of pre-school aged kids. It was found that exposure to violent content. normally from immature children’s telecasting scheduling. had a important negative impact on slumber forms. doing incubuss. reduced watchfulness. and trouble in falling asleep. Another illustration would be the Cultivation Theory developed by George Gerbner in 1977 that states that long-run exposure to telecasting causes people to really believe the societal world portrayed on it ( Evra. 1990 ) . Then. there is the Agenda-setting theory developed by Dr. McCombs and Dr. Shaw that says that the intelligence media has the power to act upon the saliency of subjects on the public docket ( Shaw. 2008 ) .
Apart from these. there are legion other illustrations that demonstrate the influence of media on society. Therefore. it can be concluded that different signifiers and types of media affect people’s behavior. their thought procedures. their emotions. and their beliefs.
Media Consumption Patterns and Role of Television in Society
This research besides calls for analyzing the function of the telecasting and the media ingestion forms in society. In respects to media ingestion. in a recent INMA Reader’s Loyalty conference in London. the Chief executive officer of Evolt’s UK. Jim Chisholm pointed out in an article that different demographic groups show clearly different ingestion forms in trueness. frequence. and strength ( Miller. 2011 ) . Although he was speaking about print media. this can easy be applied to different types of media. for illustration the telecasting. Besides that. an article by Reinberg ( 2010 ) sing a survey by the Kaiser Family Foundation reported that the sum of hours used in media ingestion by young persons from the age of 8 to 18 has markedly increased over a six twelvemonth period. from 6 hours and 21 proceedingss to 7 hours and 38 proceedingss. The survey besides showed that overall Television ingestion increased by 38 proceedingss.
Refering the function of the telecasting. both in society and besides as a mass medium. it has been said that the telecasting is a ephemeral medium. one that doesn’t require door-to-door circulation unlike newspapers. In Mass Communication ( Anon. . n. d. ) . it’s said that there are a big sum of illiterate people. Such people may non be able to read a newspaper. but they can watch the telecasting. Anyone with a telecasting receiving system can entree the information shown on telecasting. doing it an ideal medium to convey messages to a big audience. particularly as telecasting besides has a broad end product. scope and range. In his paper. presented at the 4th Nordic Conference on the Anthropology of Post-Socialism. Vukanovich ( 2002 ) states that the telecasting ‘delivers the world’ into the family. conveying both good and bad influences ; the latter of class. includes sexual content.
Malayan Values and Television
Malaysia has ever prided itself on its traditions and values. However. with increasing modernism and globalisations. guesss are being made whether these values are easy going westernized. Allegedly. media has a major function to play in this.
In Malaysia. recent claims that Asiatic values have eroded started when the world Television plan. Akademi Fantasia. foremost came on air on Malaysia’s authorities controlled satellite telecasting station. Astro. in 2003. Concerns about this show from conservative parties. spiritual groups and members of Muslim religion were expressed in a website request in support of taking world endowment shows off Malayan Television ( The Petition. n. d. ) . The concerns were based on the fact that these shows were showing values which are against Islamic rules. beliefs and traditional patterns such as “hugging between males and females” and “tactless remarks from judges” ( Associated Press. 2005 ) .
The publicity of confrontation and harshly seting the other down goes good against Malay values as it connotes deficiency of regard between fellow Malaysians. Harmonizing to conventional Malay patterns. struggles are meant to be avoided at all times and tolerance and credence to be practiced ever – choler and dissatisfaction should be suppressed. Therefore. when these world Television plans allow ‘tactless remarks from judges’ . conventional Malay values are seen to be violated.
A unfavorable judgment cited in the abc13. com website provinces that Malayan Deputy Prime Minister. Najib Razak. commented that these shows “borrow extensively from Western civilization which [ he ] feared could endanger Eastern values and lead to moral decadence” ( Associated Press. 2005 ) . In another study on the same web site. the Malayan elite besides commented on spiritual values. Najib notes that “hugging scenes are non suitable” . therefore contestants are ordered to “act decently” ( Associated Press. 2005 ) . In the same study Harussani Zakaria. a churchman with the Malayan Council of Muftis stand foring spiritual groups. criticized the world Television plan Mencari Cinta as “promoting utmost behaviour” . He besides commented that “being Asiatic. we are put on the lining our heritage when we borrow from the Western lifestyle” ( Associated Press. 2005 ) . Although the definition of “extreme behaviour” is non elaborated. it indicates behaviors that violate Islam’s spiritual instruction.
As retrieved from analyses by the New Straits Times groups of newspapers. local historiographer. Ramlah Adam notes that economic success. amusement and work-related facets are attributes that contribute to the death of traditional ( Asiatic ) values in the Malayan society ( Dinin. 2005 ) . She fears the exhilaration of the amusement industry. which includes the world Television phenomenon and influenced by the Western civilization. would advance utmost behaviors that are in resistance to traditional values. What worries her most is that the older coevals or the parents of these childs. who watch the plans. O.K. such plans and hold them to be suited for their childs. In her sentiment. the influence of Western values from the world Television plans has weakened local values and lead to societal and moral degeneracy.
Local academician Hamdan Adnan agrees with the statement that Malayan world Television plans are excessively eager to copy Western genres and that they have gone beyond the Asiatic civilizations and values ( Badruddin. 2005 ) . Harmonizing to him. Malayan world Television plans. produced and aired on telecasting. are groundless and struggle with local values. To Hamdan. “hugging and crying” when other contestants are eliminated is black and should neither be promoted nor permitted. He condemns Malayan Television Stationss which he thinks are more concerned with the plan evaluations than the content of the plan. He adds that the pursuit for net income and commercial values will go forth an impact on the younger coevals and their mentality on the national and Asiatic values. Hamdan believes that non all Western plans are deemed negative. and inquiries why local manufacturers and Television Stationss are more inclined to copy the “negative attributes” instead than the “positive Western values” . Although he acknowledges the positive values from Western inspired plans. no specific plan or value was mentioned.
International Television Statisticss
There is a big sum of informations and statistics recorded internationally that highlight the presence of sexual content on media every bit good as the impact and attitudes it evokes. For case. Nielsen estimated that 6. 6 million childs aged 2-11 were watching the CBS’s small halftime debacle develop when Justin Timberlake ripped off a piece of Jackson’s bodice. exposing her right chest to the countrywide audience. Another 7. 3 million teens aged 12-17 were tuned in at that clip every bit good ( Nielsen. 2004 ) . Furthermore. this figure of 2-11 twelvemonth olds and 12-17 old ages old was both estimated to be over 1 million and they comprised more than 20 % of the entire screening audience.
Following up. in a 2005 Time Magazine Poll. it was found that 53 per centum of respondents think that the FCC should put stricter controls on broadcast-channel shows that depict sexual scenarios. Furthermore. as reported by Kaiser Family Foundation ( 2004 ) . a bulk of parents said they are “very” concerned about the sum of sex ( 60 % ) and force ( 53 % ) their kids are exposed to on Television. and that a bulk ( 55 % ) of parents say evaluations should be displayed more conspicuously
Besides. in a survey conducted by RAND ( 2004 ) of 1792 striplings aged 12-17. it was proven that watching sex on telecasting influences teens to hold sex.
Therefore. it is safe to reason that the broadcast of sexual content on telecasting is more likely to advance sexual activity among striplings than it is to deter it.
Malayan Television Statistics and Censorship
Entirely Malayan statistics and informations records can besides be found in respects to sexual content on telecasting and its audience. For case. in a research published in the New Straits Times. it was found that 50 % of 727 university pupils are involved in sexual activities. and these immense Numberss raised a batch of inquiries refering the factors that generate Malayan striplings to prosecute in sexual activities ( Mokhtar. 2006 ) .
Furthermore. a lurid result was found by Norton from Symantec in 2009 saying that from the top 100 web sites accessed by childs. adult web sites stand on the 4th and 5th ranks. With 14. 6 million childs and striplings taken from different parts of the universe that besides included Malaysia. this terminal consequence has become rather a concern ( Norton. 2009 ) .
Surprisingly. every bit strongly as Malayan authorities attempts to forestall sexually expressed content from administering in media. the content still manages to travel across. peculiarly through Malaysian traditional media such as telecasting and movies. Besides. the development of on-line telecasting can besides be said to play a portion in leting people entree to “sexual” plans anytime.
However. Malayan authorities is doing an attempt to strive it utilizing Film Censorship Act 2002 and set up Film Censorship Board of Malaysia. a Malayan authorities ministry that vets movies. to oversee contents of movies ; and the authorities besides specifies evaluation for every movie. For case. until September 2011. a sum of 22 movies have been censored by Malayan authorities due to severe sexual and violent content ( FINAS. 2010 ) .
The authorities has besides published some policies in respects with sexually expressed content on media by set uping the Communication and Multimedia Act 1998 which stated “Forbidden airing of sexual content through Section 211 & A ; 233 and industry coordination under Content Code” . However. they still do non hold complete power over the general deductions of sexually expressed content on media in Malaysia ( Legal Research Board. 1998 ) .
As the above subdivision has shown. it has become indispensable to understand how content on the telecasting influences people that are considered to be portion of the ‘youth demographic’ . as arguably. the young person represent the society of the hereafter old ages to come. Hence. the current state of affairs of sexual content on media in relation to the young person is the exclusive context of this research as it specifically intends to cover with how adolescents and striplings are affected by the broadcast medium of sex on telecasting.
Sing the powerful function the telecasting plays in the society. whether that of coach. entertainer or possibly an indoctrinator. and the varied yet dismaying statistics from antecedently collected informations make it necessary to research farther to happen out precisely the extent. i. e. the sum every bit good as the frequence. to which the young person is exposed to cases of sex screened on the telecasting today and the youth’s attitude towards it all.
As discussed in the above subdivisions. it is rather evident that the sum of sexual content on telecasting is going more and more prevailing with each go throughing twelvemonth. easy on its manner to go a tendency on telecasting. as media already being a strong influence uses this as a manner to derive more attending and popularity from their viewing audiences. Media portraitures can besides play an of import function in educating young persons about gender but at the same have the possible to alter the viewer’s attitudes and cognition.
Therefore. in visible radiation of all the factors discussed in the old subdivisions. this research attempts to look into the undermentioned research inquiries –
RQ1: To what extent is the youth population exposed to sexual content shown on telecasting today in Malaysia?
RQ2: How does sexual content on telecasting affect the young person of Malayan Society in footings of beliefs. behavior. and emotions?
RQ3: What is the attitude and degree of credence among the young person in Malayan Society towards the sum of sexual content shown on telecasting today?
Assorted informations from past surveies and analyses have shown a important addition in the sum of sexual content on telecasting over the old ages. For illustration. it was reported by the Parents Television Council that sexual content had appeared in 64 % of all American telecasting plans in a sample of programming from the 2001-2002 Television seasons. Furthermore. those plans with sexually related stuff had an norm of 4. 4 scenes per hr. However. the degree of exposure to such content that the Malaysian young person is subjected to. is non yet wholly known. Therefore. the aim of this survey is to happen out the extent ( sum and frequence ) of the Malayan youth’s exposure to sexual content on telecasting.
Furthermore. as stated in the old subdivisions. people spend a batch of their clip watching telecasting and therefore are besides prone to being subjected to greater influence by content aired on telecasting than any other media ; and sexual content on telecasting has therefore become a urgent issue for concern. Furthermore. immature people are considered the most vulnerable mark for coming under the influence of “sexual media” as opposed to the older coevals. For illustration. in a survey conducted by RAND ( 2004 ) . it was found that young persons who were exposed to more sexual content were more likely to originate intercourse. Therefore. the chief aim of this research is to look into the positive or negative effects that sexual content broadcasted on telecasting can hold on the young person in Malayan society. be it in footings of their beliefs. emotions or behaviours.
Finally. it is besides of import to detect what the young person really thinks about this sexual content and the sum it is broadcasted in on the telecasting. Finding this out could assist the authorities of Malaysia. every bit good as the parents of the young persons. in estimating their current mentality sing sexual media. and if unfavourable. possibly seek to alter it and maneuver them in a better way. Therefore. the research besides intends to analyze the youths’ degree of credence towards sexual content on telecasting and their general positions on it.
Significance of the Study
The associations or people that may be interested in this research and its possible consequences would be bookmans. pedagogues. parents. the authorities. and the telecasting industry.
This research can be said to involvement bookmans and pedagogues as the survey helps to to the full understand the relationship between broadcast of sexual content on telecasting in relation with young person. Looking at all the past researches conducted around similar subjects covering with ‘sexual media’ and striplings. fellow mass media research workers may be interested in the possible findings about the effects that sexual content on telecasting have on Malayan young person. and possibly wish to dig deeper into the subject. Lectors and instructors may besides be interested to cognize about these effects since they may be analyzing a similar subject. or that the universities and schools may be willing to distribute awareness am on such issues among its pupils.
Then. the possible consequences besides have significance to parents of young persons who may wish to cognize the effects sexual content have on their kids. the degree of credence that they have towards ‘sexual media’ every bit good as their degree of exposure to such content. So. they can possibly take some action like discoursing their positions and sentiments on sex and sexual behavior. and watching telecasting along with their kids. therefore cut downing their exposure to and the negative effects of sexual content.
Besides that. consequences about the youth’s credence degrees of and exposure degrees to sexual content may besides involvement the authorities of Malaysia. This is due to the fact that this research is wholly restricted to telecasting and young person in Malayan society. and the authorities might be concerned with what the result of the survey is – maintaining in head the public assistance of the hereafter of the state which is in the youth’s custodies. Furthermore. it would besides desire to protect its traditional and cultural values and individuality. and therefore might desire to look into issues such as censoring on telecasting. or at least impart a manus in cut downing the sum of sexual content in amusement scheduling.
Finally. the consequences of the research may besides be utile to assorted telecasting industries. particularly the production houses. so that they can maneuver themselves in a better way – traveling off from the tendency of sexual content being aired on telecasting.
As is evident. the show of sexually expressed content on telecasting has ever been a affair of much concern among mass media research workers. and this concern has merely increased twelvemonth by twelvemonth. A big part of research related to sexual content on telecasting has been devoted to analyzing the increasing sum of such content on premier clip telecasting. commercials. and other plans. every bit good as on the effects that ‘sexual media’ can bring down upon the cognition. behavior. and perceptual experience of its audience. peculiarly the younger audience.
For case. there have been many researches in the yesteryear that have investigated the ingestion of sexual content on media and its correlativity with adolescent sexual behavior. two of which are mentioned in this subdivision.
One of such researches is a longitudinal study conducted by Rebecca L. Collins. Marc N. Elliott. Sandra H. Berry. David E. Kanouse. Dale Kunkel. Sarah B. Hunter and Angela Miu ( Collins. et Al. . 2004 ) that examined whether watching sex on telecasting predicts adolescent induction of sexual behavior. 1762 striplings from 12-17 old ages of age. belonging to different nationalities such as Americans ( 77 % ) . African-Americans ( 13 % ) . Hispanic ( 7 % ) . and Asians ( 4 % ) . both males and females. were surveyed over telephone about their telecasting sing wonts. sexual cognition. attitudes. and behavior. and so re-interviewed a twelvemonth subsequently.
This research. based on its consequences. concluded that watching telecasting can foretell and do hastening of adolescent sexual induction. Similarly. another research – an in-home longitudinal study – conducted by Jane D. Brown. Kelly Ladin L’Engle. Carol J. Pardun. Guang Guo. Kristin Kenneavy. and Christine Jackson ( Brown. et Al. . 2005 ) besides produced similar consequences. It assessed whether exposure to sexual content in four mass media – telecasting. films. music. and magazine – used by early striplings predicts sexual behavior in their in-between adolescence. The respondents were 1017 black and white striplings from 14 in-between schools in Northern Carolina. and were all interviewed at baseline at the age of 12 or 14 old ages. and so once more after a period of two old ages. to build a new step of each teen’s sexual media diet ( SMD ) by burdening the frequence of usage of the four media by the frequence of sexual content in each telecasting show. film. music album. and magazine used by them on a regular basis.
The consequences answered the research inquiry of ‘whether early striplings with heavier sexual media diet are more likely than those with lighter SMD to hold more advanced pre-coital and copulatory behavior by in-between adolescence’ in affirmatory in the instance of white striplings ; nevertheless black teens on the other manus appeared more influenced by perceptual experiences of their parents’ outlooks and their friends’ sexual behavior than by what they observed in media.
Then. researches have besides been conducted on measuring correlativities between sing of sexual content on telecasting and sexual perceptual experiences and attitudes among young person. and two such researches are highlighted in this subdivision.
One such study research was conducted entirely among 113 female pupils aged 18-24 old ages analyzing in a moderate-sized Midwestern public university. by Sarah Lund and Lindsey Blaedon ( Lund and Blaedon. 2003 ) to analyze the function of telecasting in respects to sexual attitudes and perceptual experiences.
The consequences supported one of the hypotheses that those participants exposed to sexually explicit picture before reacting to sexual scenarios rated the scenarios as less sexual than those non exposed to the picture. However. no important correlativities were found between sums of telecasting watched and sexual sentiments. and neither between variables mensurating telecasting wonts and sexual and appropriateness evaluations.
Therefore. the primary hypothesis of this survey that telecasting wonts are significantly related to sexual attitudes and perceptual experiences was non supported. In contrast. another research on a similar subject carried out by L. Monique Ward and Kimberly Friedman ( Ward and Friedman. 2006 ) three old ages subsequently produced slightly beliing consequences to Lund and Blaedon’s survey ( 2003 ) .
In this research. an experimental and study research was performed on 244 pupils aged 14-18 old ages go toing a college-oriented suburban high school in Long Island. New York. Three hypotheses were tested– whether pupils exposed to cartridge holders that show sex as a signifier of diversion. flaunt adult females as sex objects. or work forces as sex driven. would offer a stronger support of matching stereotypes about sexual or gender functions than pupils exposed to content that is non sexual ; whether the degrees of exposure of pupils. their motivations of sing. and designation of characters relates to their sexual attitudes ; and whether several facets of media usage are associated with adolescents’ degree of sexual experience.
The support for first hypothesis was produced for merely one of the three sexual stereotypes – pupils who had viewed adult females depicted as sex objects offered stronger support for this impression. The 2nd and the 3rd hypotheses were supported by the consequences wholly as telecasting screening in its assorted signifiers was found to be significantly correlated with sexual attitudes of pupils. and the greater the pupils were exposed to sexually orientated genres. such as music picture and negotiations shows. the greater they closely identified with celebrated characters and the bigger were their degrees of dating and sexual experience.
Furthermore. researches have besides been carried out about measuring adolescents’ usage of media as a beginning of information. two of which are discussed below.
One such research is the content analysis survey by Enid Gruber and Joel W Grube ( Gruber and Grube. 2000 ) which reviewed the scientific literature on striplings and sex in the media – utilizing hunts of MEDLINE – and the psychological and media literature. utilizing Kaiser Family Foundation. the Centre for Media Education. and other professional societies and organisations as some of their beginnings.
The survey derived that adolescent gender is associated with media usage. and that striplings are exposed to a big figure of sexual images and messages on telecasting that are about universally presented in a positive visible radiation. with small treatment on possible hazards and inauspicious effects. Most significantly. it was concluded that striplings use the media as a beginning of information about sex. drugs. AIDS. and force. every bit good as to larn how to act in relationships.
Then. a questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey look intoing a similar subject was conducted by Chaohua Lou. Yan Cheng. Ersheng Gao. Xiayun Zuo. Mark R. Emerson. Laurie S. Zabin from 2006-2007 ( Lou. et Al. . 2007 ) . 17. 016 Asiatic striplings and immature grownups. aged 15-24 old ages. out of which 16. 554 were unmarried. completed face-to-face interviews every bit good as computer-assisted self-based interviews to carry through the aim of the research which was to research the associations between exposure to sexual content in the media and adolescents’ sex-related cognition. attitudes. and behaviors.
The survey concluded from the consequences that entree to and utilize of mass media and the messages it nowadayss are influential factors on sex-related cognition. attitudes. and behaviors of single Asiatic immature grownups. the consequences being somewhat similar to what was determined in the content analysis by Gruber and Grube ( 2000 ) .
This research would be carried out on the footing of the undermentioned methodological analysis.
Location and Population
For the intent of this research. the location from where the respondents will be selected is restricted to Malayan metropoliss. and specifically those belonging to families in ownership of at least one telecasting set. since respondents falling under this class can carry through the research objectives most competently.
This research intends to look into the sexual content on telecasting and its impact on the young person in Malayan society. therefore the population for this research is the demographic group of adolescents and striplings runing from the ages of 14 to 22 old ages. inclusive of both males and females. The ground for taking this peculiar age group is rather evident – adolescents and striplings are considered to hold the highest rates of exposure to sexual content on the media. particularly on telecasting. and are besides considered to hold more vulnerable heads as compared to grownups belonging to higher age groups.
Sample and Sampling Method
It is non possible to analyze an full population due to clip and resource restraints. hence. a sample of respondents is chosen from the full population. A sample is the subset of the population that represents the full population. This research chooses a sample of 100 males and 100 females severally from the population of striplings aged 14-22 old ages of age. analyzing in high schools and colleges. life in metropoliss. and having one or more telecasting sets at place. This survey is non restricted to one gender. therefore samples of both genders are chosen. Besides. merely those that live in metropoliss. ain telecasting sets. and are prosecuting an instruction are chosen since they tend to hold the highest exposure to ‘sexual media’ . Furthermore. the samples can non be generalized to a really big population as this is treated as an exploratory survey.
In this research. nonprobability samples will be used. since utilizing them allows an easier probe of the variable relationships between sexual content and its effects on Malayan young person. This besides enables the aggregation of exploratory informations to plan questionnaires or as a measuring instrument for a bigger research. Furthermore. the available/convenience type of nonprobability sample is chosen. since topics are readily accessible. as for this research. 100 pupils ( 50 males and 50 females ) will be chosen from a high school. and 100 pupils ( 50 males and 50 females ) will be chosen from a college in the metropolis. It will be ensured that all pupils analyzing in the chosen high school and college have one or more telecasting sets at place. Then. their e-mail Idahos will be obtained from the school and college pupil databases severally. The focal point being adolescents and striplings. adequate content for the research can be gathered utilizing this sample itself.
Data Collection Method and Research Instrument
The informations aggregation method of this survey is Survey Questionnaire. Surveys will be conducted utilizing the online study method as the subject of ‘sexual media’ is rather sensitive and may do respondents to be uncomfortable if asked inquiries in direct conversation. The questionnaires will be distributed via electronic mail to the pupils.
The research instrument to be used in the research is the study questionnaire. The respondents are asked inquiries that can finally take to happening out the replies to the three research inquiries. The demographics of the respondents are besides inquired in the terminal. though their individualities will be kept anon. .