Although historically represented as distinguishable parties. the Federalists and the Whigs in fact shared a common political political orientation. represented many of the same involvement groups and proposed similar plans and policies. Measure this. Although the Whig party surfaced 40 old ages after the Federalist party had died out. the two separate parties held many of the same ideals. and catered to many of the same components. doing these two parties to be more similar in history than different. The Federalist party was established originally to back up the creative activity of a strong national authorities. after the Articles of Confederation were created in 1781. This party was led by Alexander Hamilton. whom being a knowing and affluent adult male himself. was followed in portion by work forces of the same criterions and societal category. One of the chief thoughts of the Federalist party was that of a “loose interpretation” of the fundamental law. ( Garraty ) This loose reading was used in finding the significance of the elastic clause placed in the fundamental law. The Federalist believed that because it would take 100s of old ages to compose down everything the U. S. authorities could make. the elastic clause was created.
This clause allowed for the creative activity and add-on of all things “necessary and proper” as needed by the national authorities. The Federalists used this clause in the instance of the National Bank. The opposing side. the Anti-Federalists led by Thomas Jefferson. believed that the bank was unconstitutional. because it was non specified in the fundamental law. The Federalists on the other manus deemed the bank to be “necessary and proper” to the authorities in order for it to run swimmingly. The Federalists won out in the terminal and a national bank was created. Hamilton’s fiscal system settled the jobs caused by the radical war. and the disagreements between provinces and national authoritiess rights when it came to revenue enhancement. The Federalists were mostly affluent. blue work forces. arising from the New England country. particularly New York. ( Encarta ) The first two presidents of the United States belonged to the Federalist party. George Washington was the prototype of a Federalist. Throughout his presidential term. he tried to restrict the power of the executive subdivision of authorities. Washington was careful non to overdrive the veto. and used it merely twice in eight old ages. ( Garraty )
Upon the beginning of the Gallic Revolution. a statement of neutrality was issued. and this became a point in the Federalist platform. Intervention in other states jobs would go forbidden. The Federalists besides elected John Adams as president in 1796. He was to be the last Federalist president. and when he ended his term in 1801. so ended the reign of the Federalists in American political relations. Although the Federalist were about until around the 1820’s. they disappeared shortly afterwards. and ne’er regained the strength they one time had over the political relations of the United States. Enter the Whig party of the 1840’s. The party was formed about 1834 by members of the National Republican Party which was steadily falling apart. and others opposed to the “tyrannical” policies of President Andrew Jackson. ( Encarta ) It was composed of many different cabals united in their resistance to the Democratic party and the Jacksonians. Because of the philistine and antiscientific prejudice of Jackson’s disposal. many of the knowing people entered the Whig party ( Garraty ) as was similar to the mind of the Federalist Party.
One difference between the Whigs and the Federalist nevertheless. was that the Whigs were more in support of the “common man” than their opposite numbers had of all time been. Anyone who understood banking joined the Whigs. particularly after the awful banking jobs experienced during Jackson’s disposal. Those with thoughts similar to Hamilton. who rejected the administration’s refusal to near economic jobs from a broadly national position. besides joined in big Numberss. ( Garraty ) The Whig party was led by former National-Republicans Daniel Webster and Henry Clay. They led their party in the battle against Jacksonian dictatorship. claiming that Jackson overused the right of the presidential veto. and that Jackson’s disposal was more like the monarchy of England than the supposed democracy of the United States. The platform of the Whigs bared singular similarities to that of the old Federalist party. The Whigs supported a more active national authorities. that would look into the “excesses of unrestricted individuality. ” ( Garraty )
The Whigs were besides really opinionative about the issue of the National Bank. They agreed with Hamilton in stating that it was “necessary and proper” in running the authorities and the economic system swimmingly. The Independent Treasury Act of 1840 was repealed by Congress. but when the Whig party tried to Pass a new Bank measure. it was vetoed by Tyler. ( Garraty ) The Whigs besides passed a duty measure in Congress. but President Tyler would subscribe it merely after the Distribution Act was repealed. which was formed to administer the returns from land gross revenues to the provinces as compensation for raising the duties. The elevation of these duties in the Tariff Act of 1842. was much like the Federalist’s elevation of revenue enhancements in 1795. The Whig party nominated three unsuccessful campaigners for president in the election of 1836.
In 1840. nevertheless. William Henry Harrison and frailty president John Tyler were nominated and elected. The Whigs triumphed over this triumph. but shortly after Harrison died. and Tyler became president. Tyler was abandoned by the Whig party. non merely for his veto of the reissued Bank measure. but besides by opposing to redistribution of the returns from the sale of public lands. ( Encarta ) Another Whig president was elected in 1848. Zachary Taylor. but this was to be the last Whig president. and the beginning of the Whig ruin. The Whig and Federalist parties were separated by a 40 twelvemonth infinite in history. but the same thoughts seemed to resurface during the reign of the Whigs in the 1840’s as were found in the Federalist platform of the 1790’s. doing these parties to be unusually similar.