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This paper seeks to compare and do a critical analysis of the political and societal values in the United States as reflected in movie. The premiss is that the elements of individuality and self-perception can be seen in the types of films during specific periods. Two Steven Spielberg movies will be used for this intent: “Jaws” which was shown in 1975 and “Saving Private Ryan” which was played in theatres in 1998. First. allow me undertake the film “Jaws” . The movie has a simple but absorbing secret plan – it shows how a peaceable summer town called Amity Island is turned upside down with the onslaughts by a Great White Shark.

The new Chief of Police. Martin Brody. is one of the first individuals to larn of the first onslaught. and has a intestine feel that the incident should non be taken lightly. so he planned to hold the beaches closed. Nevertheless. the first incident is brushed aside by the town Mayor since their vicinity depended so much on the grosss from tourers during the summer. Thus. Brody’s intuitions are disregarded and finally. another shark onslaught ensues. As the narrative goes along. more incidents go on indicating to the fact that there is a shark patronizing the Amity Island beach.

Shark huntsmans from all over the state gather together to catch the slayer shark. where a large Tiger Shark is caught but was subsequently found to be a flop. With the Mayor’s consent. a contractor/shark huntsman named Quint. is hired to catch the shark and Brody goes along with him together with Hooper. an ichthyologist. who specializes in sharks. The three of them acquire to work together to catch the Great White Shark. although unluckily. Quint besides becomes one of its victims.

In the movie’s climactic minutes. Brody is able to feed an O armored combat vehicle ( used by frogmans ) to the Great White Shark and shoot at it at the minute when it was already taking to do him one of its repasts. The armored combat vehicle explodes inside the shark. and its flesh spatters all over the country turning the dark bluish sea into ruddy. Hooper. whom Brody presumed dead. so emerges from the Waterss and they both become enraptured because they have succeeded in killing the Great White Shark. and their mission has eventually ended.

Since the film was shown in 1975. it was non surprising that the values shown in the movie were reflective of the modern-day cultural and societal values during that clip. At the initial portion of the movie. a group of adolescents are shown collected around a campfire. One adolescent is shown smoking something which is presumptively Marijuana. As the camera pans right. a twosome is shown snoging. In the foreground. some teens are gathered together go throughing around one stick which once more seemed to be marijuana.

Then a teenage male child with a can of beer in his manus is focused ; he was smiling at person outside the fire. a miss who was besides smiling back at him. Boy approaches the miss. miss runs for the beach. male child follows but passes out before he even gets to discase. This is the miss who becomes the first victim of the shark onslaught. The usage of marihuana was rampant in the seventiess. Drug usage was a new construct at that clip and drug dependence was non considered an pressing concern so. It was the clip of the flower peoples. sexual promiscuousness and averment of individualism.

It was besides in the ‘70s when the abortion rate was at its highest point in the US. Sexual release reached its extremum degrees to the hurt of the immature grownups during that clip. This is shown in the manner that the teenage miss was ask foring the male child to swim in the beach. but discasing along the manner further luring the male child to follow her. The sexual overtones were apparent being portion of a civilization that was more sexually predisposed during the said period. Although the construct of feminism was already brought up in the sixtiess through the Women’s Liberation Movement. the 1970s saw a 2nd moving ridge of feminism which took topographic point.

However. this trade name of feminism was non meant to be that successful yet as it was more aslant towards activism and asseverating immediate societal transmutation. Hence. the portraiture of adult females in this movie “Jaws” was still that of the inferior gender. An illustration of this is the typical homemaker. like the married woman of Brody who was portrayed as the 1 who kept the house and took attention of the kids. The character of Brody’s married woman was portrayed as one who was supposed to be submissive. to hearten her hubby up. to back up him and be at that place for the childs.

Another scene is shown where a media adult male was shouting instructions to a adult female who was taking down notes like a secretary. Bing a secretary is synonymous to being a retainer or a slave. which was how adult females were regarded in the early times. Womans are besides depicted as sexual objects as seen in the manner a miss was shown shouting on the beach because she was placed by a cat on his shoulders. and she was thrilled with being on top. Bing viewed as a sex object is besides tantamount to handling a adult female on unequal footings.

In the town meeting at the mayor’s office. the work forces ( and some aged people ) are shown sitting down with the adult females standing at the dorsum all throughout. thereby connoting that adult females were still regarded as the less knowing race – portion of the audience but their sentiment non truly extremely regarded. Actually. much of the of import places in the town were held by work forces. and most of the movie’s scenes were. for the most portion. dominated by work forces. This implied a continued gender fondness which pervaded the societal systems in the early yearss of authorities and is still seen on the movie.

Conversely though. the teenage girl shown as the one originating the sexual move in the initial parts of the movie shows that there were already some intimations that the societal civilization was already altering. and that the film’s manager was seeing marks touching to the inevitableness of feminism. This goes to demo that constructs of feminism and gender equality were still in the procedure of being materialized and it would take a few more old ages for its full development and acceptance into society. In footings of political penetrations. the film besides tackled the issue of the Chief of Police’s looking weakness under the Mayor’s authorization.

Despite the danger of possible shark onslaughts. the city manager denied Brody’s petition to shut the beach because of the awaited loss of grosss. This denoted the sarcasm of electing public functionaries who. alternatively of continuing the public assistance of the local occupants to whom they owe their topographic point in public office. allowed even more lives to be endangered. Now. refering to the film “Saving Private Ryan” . the film as mentioned earlier. was shown in theatres in 1995. but the bulk of the scenes were in June 1944 in France. which was the beginning of World War II.

The movie starts with an old adult male traveling to a military graveyard with his household. and he breaks down as he faces one of the white crosses. His individuality is non revealed nor is the name of the soldier who was buried on the grave he was confronting. His face is held in close-up and a prefiguration technique is used to convey up what happened in the yesteryear. Capt. John Miller ( Tom Hanks ) heads an foot of soldiers who were sent to Omaha Beach in France as portion of the US Military military personnels to contend against the Gallic and the Germans in World War II.

His military personnels are about cut in half but they get to last. Subsequently on. Capt. Miller is given a mission by the Chief of Staff of the US Army. which is an direction to happen Private James Francis Ryan ( Matt Damon ) of Iowa and convey him back to his female parent at all costs. This was because Private Ryan’s three brothers who were besides soldiers have all passed off. and it was deemed imperative to convey him back alive for his female parent. who had no other household left but his lone life boy. Capt. Miller succeeds in happening Private Ryan but ends up holding two of his work forces killed. and subsequently on. he himself ends up giving his life. Private Ryan is the old adult male who carries the guilt of holding had three work forces to give their lives for his safety.

He cries at the pes of Capt. Miller’s grave stating him that he tried to populate his life good merely so he may go worthy of the forfeits they made for his interest. The genre of the movie is largely action. although there were emotional scenes as in the clip when Capt. Miller was seeking to conceal his sorrow from his other soldiers because of the decease of his work forces. Leadership in the ground forces is hard because he ever had to demo his squad that he was strong and ever in full control of the state of affairs. Other emotional scenes were:

1 ) one of his timid soldiers shouting because he wasn’t able to make anything for his companions because of his cowardliness ; 2 ) the ground forces vehicle coming to the house of the Ryan’s where the intelligence on the decease of the 3 soldiers were to be informed to their female parent ; and 3 ) the clip Capt. Miller died. As a 1995 movie. I could state that the film tried to swerve off from political relations and other societal issues and sought to concentrate on the subject of the horrors of war. Since about 95 % of the movie was set in the 1940s during the war. the presence of adult females in the movie was wholly inappropriate. and therefore most of the scenes were dominated by work forces. The movie dealt with the battle scenes between US soldiers and their enemies. the end of carry throughing their mission and eventually. being able to salvage Private Ryan.

No mentions were made to feminism or sexual issues. and there were no romantic scenes. or allusions to anything sexual in nature. There was one scene nevertheless when. there was a Gallic vocal being played over the record player and translated by one of the soldiers who could understand the linguistic communication. It was a melancholy love vocal and somehow. the conversation was directed to a memory remembered by one of the soldiers. It was about a adult female who had large chests and it was merely one of those things that work forces talked approximately merely to hold a good laugh.

Other than this. there were no other issues raised refering to gender inequality or incidents of handling adult females as inferior. The lone clip adult females were shown in the movie was 1 ) at the beginning and stoping. when Private Ryan was heading for the Army graveyard with his household ; and 2 ) in the World War II scenes when a household was taken surety by some Gallic soldiers. In both cases. the adult females were shown as simply portion of a household. but nil was implied as to what function they had to play or what responsibilities they were expected to execute. In other words. the manager preferred to remain in a “safe zone” on the feminism issue.

Sing political relations. no peculiar mention was made to the US authorities whether at the national or local degrees. although the hierarchy in the armed forces was surely illustrated as the ground forces soldiers had to follow the orders of their higher-ups at all times. even if it may be them their lives. Such portraiture showed the stringency within the military – “obey before you question” . a popular proverb among the uniformed forces. is still practiced up to now. The devising of a war movie in the US during this clip was possibly influenced by the Gulf War. the war against Somalia. and subsequently on against Haiti during the 1990s.

It was besides the rise of the cyberspace. the beginning of the Information Age and the outgrowth of the Third Wave of Feminism. Although these three constructs were non tackled in this film. it is peculiarly important that Director Steven Spielberg chose non to shoot modernness into this movie. Alternatively. it sought to capture the force. slaughter and inhuman treatment of war. and the desolation – both physical and emotional – which it creates in the Black Marias and heads of its victims. The emotional cicatrixs made by the war are irreversible. and the lives lost as a effect of war can be really painful for those who are left behind.

Comparing the two films together. it can be said that Spielberg was good in arousing fright from the spectator in both movies – one due to the suspense from the shark onslaught. and the other because of the force depicted during the clip of war. Spielberg was first-class at demoing the Gore and aggression in two different movie genres. Although films are merely pretend representations of the existent thing. Spielberg did a good occupation with respects to Jaws. where the redaction is said to hold been instrumental in doing the semblance of the Great White Shark look really reliable.

The boat scenes and the pursuit scenes between the worlds and the shark were filled with suspense as the movie approached its flood tide. In similar mode. the war scenes in Salvaging Private Ryan are an improved version of the bloodiness portrayed in Jaws. Here. the soldiers who have been shot. the lacerate organic structures. detached limbs. and blood gushing from the lesions of the injured soldiers merely seemed so existent. you could about smell and savor the blood spurting out.

The flood tide of the film was reached as the lead histrion faced a armored combat vehicle with merely a handgun on his manus. Similarly. both of the films had happy yet tragic terminations. In Jaws. the lead histrion. Brody becomes exultant as he succeeds in doing the O armored combat vehicle spot by the shark to detonate and therefore rupture the shark to pieces. However. Quint. who is the shark huntsman and who was actively in chase of the perpetrator. was non that lucky because he excessively was made into a repast by the shark. Conversely. the lead histrion in the movie Capt.

Miller dies because of a gunfire on the thorax which he takes in while protecting Private Ryan. The protected soldier. Private Ryan. gets to populate his life good. until his old age and is everlastingly thankful to his helpers ( Miller and his 2 soldiers ) for giving him the importance that he didn’t believe he deserved. In comparing the societal and cultural issues during the two periods. it can be said that the position of adult females in society has significantly evolved from Jaws to Salvaging Private Ryan.

Furthermore. the issues of feminism and gender equality have improved well from the older to the more recent movie. As the quality of film-making was enhanced. so did the societal and cultural issues become better in position. Politicss and sexual issues which are considered sensitive concerns were non touched on in the 2nd movie. possibly due to the awakened realisations related to the current times – affairs which were non taken into history during the cinematography of Jaws.

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