October Revolution Essay, Research Paper
THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION,
THE PEOPLES REVOLUTION
? The October Revolution was no more than a well planned military putsch carried out with
out the cognition and against the wants of the people. ?
This statement is wholly false, the October Revolution was wished for and really
necessary for the people of Russia, to convey more power back to the people. The events
of 1917 were important for the Bolsheviks, they represented their rise in power and their rise
in popularity with the people. It was these events that rallied the Russian people behind
the Bolshevik party and gave them the thought that a revolution was necessary. With this
statement I will first look back at the events in Russia that lead us to the October
Revolution and their consequence on the people.
There were many events in Russian history before the October Revolution that
gave the Russian people less hope in their authorities, and made the thought of a revolution
seem ask foring. Russia under the Tsarist system gave no power or rights to the people.
The bossy system gave merely the czar rights and accordingly all the power. In fact, it
was the czar who told people what rights they had. The power in the autarchy flowed
from top to bottom, the top being the czar and the bottom being people. ? During the
system of Tsarism the peoples of Russia were consistently incited against one
another. ? ( pg.66, Daniels ) During the Time of Trouble between 1598 and 1613 society
fell and there was no czar to stand for the people, Russia was undergoverned. During this
clip, the Poles and the Swedes both invaded Russia. There is a conflict traveling on over
lands between the Lords and the provincials who constitute 95 % of Russia? s population.
With Russia being an agricultural society, the provincials first concern was lasting from
one crop to the following. By this clip society wants a dramatic alteration but the authorities
does non. The industrialisation of Russia brought about the demand for many workers, these
workers were largely provincials working portion clip, and these same provincials finally
became groups. Marxist Revolutionaries targeted these unsated workers to get down a
revolution. Even during this clip the idea of revolution was turning throughout
Russia. During the Russo-Japanese War in 1904-1905 everything went incorrect for
Russia. Russia failed to win even a individual conflict, despite the fact their ground forces was five
times the size of the Nipponese ground forces. The Russian authorities felt the war would unite
Russia and its people, but this did non go on. They besides felt the war would be a good
distraction for the people, but it was the authorities who was distracted, and the people
who lost more hope and trust in their authorities.
The Bolsheviks offered a alteration for the people of Russia and a opportunity to win
back control in their authorities. The first mark for the Russian people that a revolution
could be necessary was January 9, 1905? Bloody Sunday. ? This is when the Cossack
Cavalry shooting and killed between 1-2000 dramatic workers. As a effect of this,
labourers and proprietors unite. In mid January anti-government street presentations begin
in support of the workers work stoppage.
Leon Trotsky became a member of the Bolshevik portion in 1917, and shortly became
the party? s most articulate talker, beat uping support for the revolution and the Bolsheviks.
Leon Trotsky the Marxist Revolutionary and spokesman of the Soviet gave addresss and
got workers riled up. This led to the Great October Strike of RR workers and in bend the
October Manifesto, which was viewed as a loss for the authorities. The October
Manifesto splits the broad motion and leads in portion to the Peasant Revolts of
1905. The provincials take this clip to revolt because they felt they could acquire away with it
with the authorities in convulsion and after the October Manifesto. All of the turbulences of
1905 gave the sense that a mass Russia had awakened. Out of the revolutions came the
Social Democrats in two cabals the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks. While the
Mensheviks had a on the job category outlook, the Bolsheviks wanted worker to be unhappy
to take to revolt.
Lenin the leader of communism and the Bolsheviks led the charge to revolt and
to subvert Capitalism. The Bolsheviks were the bulk party and merely took in
members who would give their lives to the cause. In the April Theses Lenin wanted a
peaceable terminal to the war and felt that Capitalism must be done off with, as it was the
cause of the war. He besides wanted all power to switch to the Soviets, this included the
workers, the soldiers and the provincials. For this ground the people of Russia trus
and the Bolsheviks and idea of them as a breath of fresh air, and as a vehicle to
needed alteration in Russia. The people of Russia knew full good the revolutionist
purposes of Lenin who? s slogan clearly mapped out their purposes, ? All power to the
Soviets through armed rebellion. ?
The events of 1917 were important in the rise of the Bolsheviks in power and in
popularity with the people. Their run motto was? Peace, Land and Bread? , which
is precisely what the Russian people needed at this clip, the soldiers wished for peace, the
provincials wished for land, and the hungry multitudes needed staff of life. The Bolsheviks already
had the support of the workers and worked to protect their rights. January 9, 1917 the
day of remembrance of Bloody Sunday, 300,000 Petrograd workers demonstrated. Between
January and February in 1917 the work stoppage motion is traveling towards revolution. Tsarist
authorization ended when the Petrograd Garrison refused the czars order to reconstruct order in
Petrograd through force if necessary. Now there is a double power, which consists of
the Petrograd Soviet and the Provincial Government. Any separation of power in Russia
was viewed as bad. During the summer, the Bolsheviks return over the Soviet from the
Mensheviks. The Petrograd Soviet saw its function as speech production for all of Russia, it
represented the workers, the provincials and the soldiers. The Petrograd Soviet now wanted
to protect the revolution and the workers. The Soviet issues Order # 1 stating that all
armed forces including the Petrograd Garrison must take their orders from the Soviet.
The Bolsheviks used their command of propaganda to derive support for their cause. The
workers were now ready for the Bolsheviks to take power, but they were non ready.
During the July Days the Bolsheviks attempt to prehend power but fail, most of the party
leading is arrested including Trotsky. After this the Bolsheviks rise seems to be dead.
However, on October 10 the Bolshevik Central Committee topographic points armed originating on the
docket. Trotsky presents his 5- point program stating the Soviet should be used to subvert
the authorities and that they should dissemble the rebellion as a defence of the Soviet. This
meant they would detain the rebellion until an alibi for a defence was found. The
Bolsheviks had the support of the bulk of workers and a good figure of soldiers.
? The mass of the soldiers support us non because of the motto of war, but because of the
motto of peace. ? ( pg. 57 Daneils ) Lenin managed to take his party into action by October
21. The Provincial Government remained inactive even while being cognizant of the
Bolshevik readyings. On October 22, 1917, the central office of the Petrograd Military
District failed to acknowledge the Military Revolutionary Committee and refused to carry on
its work in cooperation with the soldiers subdivision of the Soviet. By this act central office
interruptions with the radical fort and the Petrograd Soviet of Workers and soldiers
Deputies, which made central offices a direct instrument in counter-revolutionary forces.
An order was issued on October 24 to censor the Bolshevik party and collar its leaders.
However, this proved to be to small to late, and on October 25 the Bolsheviks rebellion had
begun under Lenin? s motto? All power to the Sovietss through armed insurrection. ? The
motto showed the people of Russia full good what Lenin and the Bolsheviks purposes
were, and the motto gained them more protagonists. The October Revolution was a
comparatively exsanguine matter with merely six casualties. The operation consisted of the ictus
of the Winter Palace and the apprehension of 13 members of the Provincial- Government.
? Party historiographers insisted that the Bolshevik victory was the inevitable effect of
Russian domestic conditions and at the same clip, an built-in section of the
international battle of the labor against the bourgeoisie. ? ( pg 87, Dziew )
In decision the October Revolution was carried out with the support of most
Russians and it was a necessary tendency in Russian History. The events taking up to the
October Revolution such as Bloody Sunday and the Peasant Revolts of 1905 and
particularly the workers work stoppages gave Russia and it? s people a sense that a rebellion was
necessary. The leading of Lenin and Trotsky whose addresss helped derive support for
the Bolsheviks along with their first-class usage of propaganda is what gave them the
support of the Russian people. Those events along with the fighting domestic
conditions in Russia led to the October Revolution. ? Harmonizing to Soviet historiography,
the October Revolution was the merchandise of a clearly discernable, resistless tendency in
Russian history. ? ( pg. 87, Dziew )