Harmonizing to Source A. the public wellness hazard highlighted is 2nd manus fume ( SHS ) . In the image. since the tobacco users. who are the parents. are smoking in the public country. therefore lead to the people around them. who are their kids. inescapably inhale the SHS. They look really acrimonious and they have to have on masks to avoid the SHS. Thus. lead to hapless respiratory wellness of both tobacco users and the environing people and increase the hazard of acquiring respiratory disease. which add load to the medical system in Hong Kong. Therefore. to sum up. the public wellness hazard highlighted is 2nd manus fume ( SHS ) .
2c. Which two baccy control policies shown in Source B might be more effectual in covering with the public wellness hazard highlighted in Source A in Hong Kong? Explain your reply with mention to the beginnings and your ain cognition. ( 10 Markss )
With mention to the beginnings and my anterior cognition. anti-smoking runs promoted through the mass media and revenue enhancement on the purchase of coffin nails are the two baccy control policies that might be more effectual in covering with the public wellness hazard highlighted in Source A in Hong Kong.
There are three standards that finding the effectivity of a policy. viz. correspondence. profoundness and fullness. For correspondence. it is about how good the policy tackles the root job. For profoundness. it is about how the policy raises consciousness. For fullness. it is about how many stakeholders the policy screen.
For the anti-smoking runs promoted through the mass media. it is more effectual in Hong Kong since in the long term. it can heighten the profoundness as it can raise the consciousness of the general populace about the harmful effects of smoke. Besides. it can undertake the root job of the public wellness hazard. which is the deficiency of apprehension of the injuriousness of smoke and in bend do non give up smoking. as they might believe smoke is merely for the successful and mature image without sing the harmful effects. Through establishing a series of anti-smoking runs. it can undertake the root cause and therefore the correspondence is high. Furthermore. the fullness is besides high. Since the information transmitted by mass media can impact most of the sectors of society in Hong Kong because of their wideness. advancing anti-smoking runs through them will cover most of the people in Hong Kong.
In decision. anti-smoking runs promoted through the mass media is more effectual in the long term. For the revenue enhancement on the purchase of coffin nails. it is more effectual in the short term in Hong Kong because it is compulsory-based. which will add economic load to the tobacco users. and in bend use economic mean to give them a greater motive to give up smoking as they have to utilize more money to purchase coffin nails. which has the most direct consequence on them. therefore enhance profoundness of this policy. Harmonizing to the statistics done by Bachelor of Medicine of HKU in 2009. the figure of tobacco users reduced by half after the Hong Kong authorities implemented the policy of increasing 50 % revenue enhancement on coffin nails. Furthermore. it is besides comprehensive as it will impact all the tobacco users in Hong Kong and they all will hold to under this revenue enhancement ordinance. To sum up. revenue enhancement on the purchase of coffin nails is more effectual in the short term.
For set uping smoke-free countries. it is non every bit effectual as the two mentioned above is that the tobacco users can still smoke without paying excess money in non smoke-free country in Hong Kong. such as streets. which would non present any disincentive and motive on them to halt smoke.
For warning labels on coffin nail packages. it is less effectual than the two because the tobacco users can merely disregard them and they will non hold any money loss if they do non analyze the warning labels merely like the revenue enhancement policy. therefore they will non hold much motive to give up smoke and this policy can merely raise the consciousness of the harmful effects of smoke among the tobacco users to a little extent.
For prohibitions on coffin nail advertizement. it is non every bit effectual as the two because the root cause of the public wellness hazard is that people deficiencies understanding of the harmful effects of smoke. this policy is non concentrating on the root cause. but bring arounding the symptoms merely. Besides. they can still purchase coffin nails at the same monetary value with any added revenue enhancement. therefore less effectual than the revenue enhancement policy as people are loath to give up smoke because no economic mean is used.
For programmes for giving up smoking. although the correspondence and profoundness are the same as anti-smoking runs promoted through the mass media since it can undertake the root job and raise the consciousness of giving up smoking in the general populace in Hong Kong. the fullness is non high because harmonizing to the beginnings. portion of universe population is 28 % for anti-smoking runs. but merely 14 % for programmes for giving up smoking in 2010. Therefore. it is non every bit effectual as the two.