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a. Comedy? When we talk about comedy. we normally refer to dramas that are light in tone. and that typically have happy terminations. The purpose of a comedic drama is to do the audience laugh. In modern theatre. there are many different manners of comedy. runing from realistic narratives. where the wit is derived from real-life state of affairss. to hideous slapstick wit. ? Is designed to be entertaining and humourous where bad luck ends in victory or felicity. It presents characters with some tragic or weak features which they have to get the better of.

Humor is derived from their errors or foolish actions which dominates the episode in the secret plan. b. Tragedy? Tragedy is one of the oldest signifiers of play ; nevertheless. its significance has changed since the earliest yearss of staged dramas. In ancient times. a calamity was frequently an historical play having the ruin of a great adult male. In modern theatre. the definition is a spot looser. Tragedy normally involves serious capable affair and the decease of one or more chief characters. These dramas seldom have a happy stoping. ? Is a serious play where the supporters begin merrily and ends in wretchedness and failure.

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It emphasizes the characters more than the state of affairs. It focuses on the tragic defect of the chief character which brings about his or her autumn. ? It is brought about when the supporter or tragic hero dramatis personaes aside prudent human behaviour. creates a province of upset. and reaps the effects of his or her actions. The crisis leads to the calamity. so to the declaration. The audience is drawn into the tragic state of affairs. feels commiseration or fright for the characters. so experiences a katharsis as these feelings are released with the declaration of the calamity. c. Farce?

Farce is a sub-category of comedy. characterized by greatly overdone characters and state of affairss. Fictional characters tend to be unidimensional and frequently follow stereotyped behaviour. Farces typically involve misguided individualities. tonss of physical comedy and hideous secret plan turns. ? Is a play affecting techniques of low comedy such as hyperbole of character. pathetic state of affairs. surprises and happenstances that result from contrived and unlikely secret plan. d. Melodrama? Melodrama is another type of overdone play. As in travesty. the characters tend to be simplified and unidimensional.

The formulaic plot line of the authoritative melodrama typically involves a scoundrel a heroine. and a hero who must deliver the heroine from the scoundrel. ? Allows the elements of opportunity. fortune and accidents as important factors in developing the secret plan. e. Musical? In musical theatre. the narrative is told non merely through duologue and playing but through music and dance. Musicals are frequently comedic. although many do involve serious capable affair. Most involve a big dramatis personae and munificent sets and costumes. f. Problem Play?

Drama of societal unfavorable judgment discusses societal. economic. or political jobs by agencies of a drama. g. Comedy of Manners? Comedy which wittily portrays stylish life. h. Fantasy? A drama sometimes. but non ever. in amusing spirit in which the writer gives free reign to his phantasy. leting things to go on without respect to world. i. TRAGICOMEDY? Is a drama that stirs the audience to commiseration and fright and besides to laughter.

Its happy stoping is preceded by tragic events with some amusing alleviation now and so. J. Theater OF THE ABSURD? Developed from a station World War II motion which emphasized the deficiency of significance of human life. k. MASQUE? Originated as a festival game and dance ritual with performing artists have oning masks.

l. PANTOMIME? Is a drama that does non utilize duologue and is best described as soundless playing ; gestures. facial looks and costumes are relied upon to convey emotional and narrative state of affairss ; it is besides called a dense show or mummer. m. FEMINIST THEATRE? Is a signifier of realistic drama which explores the lives. jobs issues and victory of modern-day adult females. 2. Subtypes of Comedy a. High COMEDY? An rational comedy that relies on humor or the clever usage of linguistic communication ( such as the usage of quips ) using irony and sarcasm as beginnings of wit. B.

Low COMEDY

? Relies on gags. slapstick behaviour. jokes. ridicule and humiliation as beginnings of wit. It makes merriment of whatever it focuses on. whether ocular or physical ; preferring the manner of popular civilization. c. SATIRIC COMEDY? Portrays human failing or folly as being ridiculed from the point of view of what seems to be enlightened or superior place. It may be nervelessly malicious but tends to knock the manners and ethical motives of the people involved. 3. Subtypes of Tragedy a. Classical TRAGEDY? Refers to the calamities of ancient Greece and Rome and the ulterior calamities were patterned after them. B.

MODERN TRAGEDY

? Is a serious drama in which the supporters or tragic hero is an ordinary individual of the center or lower category ( non an blue blood ) and the events of the play are besides ordinary. The defect in the protagonist’s personality creates the calamity and it is compounded by fortunes beyond the protagonist’s control. 4. Other Literary Devicess of a Drama a. Allusion? Is a figure of address that makes a mention to. or representation of. people. topographic points. events. literary work. myths. or plants of art. either straight or by deduction. B. Aside? Is a dramatic device in which a character speaks to the audience.

c. Comic alleviation? Is the inclusion of a humourous character. scene or witty duologue in an otherwise serious work. frequently to alleviate tenseness. d. Dramatic sarcasm? Is the device of giving the witness an point of information that at least one of the characters in the narrative is incognizant of. e. Boding? Is a literary device in which an writer dimly suggest certain secret plan developments that will come subsequently in the narrative f. Irony? Is a rhetorical device. literary technique. or state of affairs in which there is an incongruousness between the actual and the implied significance. g. Metonymy?

Is a figure of address used in rhetoric in which a thing or construct is non called by its ain name. but by the name of something closely associated with that thing or construct. h. Personification? Is any ascription of human features ( or features assumed to belong merely to worlds ) to other animate beings. inanimate things. phenomena. material provinces. objects or abstract constructs. such as organisations. authoritiess. liquors or divinities. i. Simile? Is a figure of address that straight compares two different things. normally by using the words “like” or “as” .

j. Soliloquy? Is a device frequently used in play when a character speaks to oneself. associating ideas and feelings. thereby besides sharing them with the audience. k. Dialogue? Is a literary and theatrical signifier consisting of a written or spoken colloquial exchange between two or more ( “dia” means through or across ) people. l. Monologue? Is a address presented by a individual character. most frequently to show their ideas aloud. though sometimes besides to straight turn to another character or the audience.

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