1. In what ways did the United States emerge from World War II basically changed? Consider national power. economic wellness. and the place forepart.
A. In footings of national power the United States emerged from World War II as a major international power. We had discovered the atomic bomb. and as a consequence had become embroiled in the Cold War with the major Communist states of The Soviet Union and The Peoples Republic of China. Other states looked to us both for support in their ain battles against Communism and for the fiscal support to assist reconstruct their states after World War II. This was called the Marshall Plan whereby we provided Western Europe the money to reconstruct. and we gained powerful Alliess in the Cold War.
B. the United States emerged from World War II in a much healthier economic province that it was in 1941. The Great Depression was over and the United States unlike so many other states did non hold to reconstruct from literally the land up. We had more mills. better schools. and better health care than any other state in the universe except perchance some of the Communist Nations of Eastern Europe. Many households were buying places. and the GI Bill allowed many returning veterans to go the first individual in their households to go to college. Unemployment was low and households began to buy luxury points such as autos. telecastings sets and swimming pools.
C. At the terminal of World War II many adult females began to go forth the work force to let work forces returning from war to hold their occupations. Women either married and became housewifes or returned to the traditionally female businesss such as nursing. or secretarial work. The return of the work forces from WWI led to a higher birth rate than had of all time existed antecedently. This coevals of young person would go known as the Baby Boom. and they would alter the universe by contending for Equal Rights for African Americans. adult females. and homophiles. every bit good as universe peace.
2. Explain why the civil rights motion became more extremist and violent as the 1960s progressed. What changes occurred in the motivations. premises. and leading of the motion?
In the 1960’s there were several movers and Shakerss in the Civil Rights motion. Martin Luther King was one of them. Martin Luther King advocated achieving Civil Rights for African Americans utilizing the same peaceable protests that Gandhi had used to derive India’s freedom
From the United Kingdom. His influence led in the beginning to most of the protests by African Americans being non-violent on the portion of the dissenters. However: many members of the white community became violent towards dissenters even to the point of slaying in some instances. The Civil Rights motion became more violent when people began to experience that Martin Luther Kings manner was non working and they started following the instructions of a adult male named Malcolm X. In 1965 he was shot in forepart of his household and several people who were involved in the Civil Rights group that he had formed called the Organization of Afro-Americans.
This led many younger African Americans to organize the Black Nationalist Movement. This was composed of several different groups including the well known Black Panther motion. and bucked up African Americans to contend back when protestors were attacked by Whites who were against Civil Rights. Peoples turned off from the thought that peaceable protest would derive them what they wanted. This alteration in perspective lead to two chief alterations. First. the Black Nationalist groups taught people that they should be proud to be African American. Second. it lead to the protests going progressively violent particularly. when the Vietnam War began and a big proportion of conscripts were immature African American work forces.
3. Be the Iranian Gulf War a complete American victory or merely a qualified success? What were its long-run effects?
I do non experience that the Persian Gulf War was anything more than a qualified success. This is for several grounds. First although we succeeded in acquiring Saddam Hussein to go forth Kuwait we did non win in force outing him. This would hold saved the United States and other states the one million millions of dollars that we have spent on economic boycotts. and the current War in Iraq. Hussein should hold been arrested and tried for Crimes against Humanity so. This has had several long term effects that have increased many of the jobs that the U. S. and Europe are sing with terrorist act in recent old ages.
The Gulf War led to an addition in terrorist organisations such as Al-Queada. and Hamas. This addition ended up in 9/11 and the train and subway bombardments in Madrid and London. Our initial failure in the Iranian Gulf War lead to much more agony for the Iraqi people both at the custodies of Saddam Hussein. and under American business. Finally. it has lead to increased struggle in the Middle East. both from terrorists and from the struggle created as the Middle Eastern states pick sides in the struggle.
4. If you had been born in 1905. you would hold been 10 old ages old in 1915. 20 old ages old in 1925. 30 old ages old in 1935. 45 old ages old in 1950. 60 old ages old in 1965. 80 old ages old in 1985 and 95 old ages old in 2000. I want you to compose. for your descendants. a description of how the United States changed during your life-time. You should discourse the major alterations that occurred at each of these 7 points in your life. Include the major events. people. and thoughts that were of import in doing the alterations.
In 1905 when I was born Theodore Roosevelt was President of the United States. Most people still lived in rural countries on little household farms. Barely anyone had electricity. running H2O. or cars. Most vicinities still had merely one or two telephones and these were by and large shared by the full vicinity. Doctors still made house calls. and most babes were still born at place.
My dada became a member of a new trade brotherhood called the International Workers of the World and began to contend for a fairer universe for me to turn up in. That twelvemonth my Daddy and his fellow brotherhood members won a Supreme Court9 instance that made it illegal for employers to do workers work more than 10 hours a twenty-four hours or 60 hours a hebdomad ; . In 1915 I was ten and my Daddy bought our first auto. a 1913 Model T Ford. Ford had started doing the Model T in 1909 when I was 3. Before that merely rich people could purchase autos.
That was besides the twelvemonth the Lusitania was sunk. . World War I raged n Europe. Besides that twelvemonth a lady named Margaret Sanger was arrested for advancing birth control. Mommy said she would explicate what that was when was older. I went to my first Women’s Suffrage March with Mommy this twelvemonth. She was a Suffragette and was contending for adult females to hold the right to vote.
In 1925 I turned twenty old ages old. and I cut my hair off for the really first clip. I rolled my stockings down. and woe really short skirts. I carried a flask with moonshine intoxicant in it. This was Prohibition you understand. and intoxicant was illegal. Prohibition had begun in 1919 and topographic points called Speakeasies were the lone topographic point you could acquire alcohol. I met your Grandfather in a speakeasy called Buddy’s. He was a instrumentalist in a wind set. and played the saxophone. We eventually won. this twelvemonth Congress approved the 19th Amendment to the U. S. Constitution vouching adult females the right to vote. That twelvemonth was the twelvemonth of the Scopes Monkey Trial.
A instructor named John Scopes was tried and arrested for learning Darwin’s theory of development in a public school. Your Grandfather taught me to drive that twelvemonth and I bought a small Ford runabout out of my salary as a secretary. Most adult females worked in Fieldss like that back so. secretaries. nurses. school instructors. mill misss. Oh but we had a great clip. In 1935. I turned 30 old ages old. There were no birthday jubilations for me that twelvemonth ; it was in the center of the Great Depression. We had two kids in 1935. your Daddy. and your Auntie Lou.
Timess were difficult since your Grandfather lost his occupation. We had moved to a smaller flat. and I was working under the tabular array as a secretary. Most companies would non engage married adult females. preferring to maintain the occupations for work forces. President Roosevelt signed the Social Security Act this twelvemonth. This meant that if something happened to your Grandfather. and he could non work. or when we got old and could non work we would non hold to trust on the charity of your Daddy. and your Auntie Lou. Besides that twelvemonth a group called the Committee for Industrial Organization formed. They even allowed unskilled workers like amahs. and restaurant workers to fall in.
In 1950 I turned 45 and that twelvemonth I had a birthday bar. Your Grandfather had found a good paying occupation working as a publicizer in Hollywood. Your Daddy was completing up college at UCLA and he was traveling to go a physician. World War II was over and the United States had emerged winning. That twelvemonth the U. S. population reached the landmark figure of over 150. 697. 361 citizens. The Baby Boom had arrived and there were kids everyplace. In July the United States declared war on Korea and your Daddy joined a MASH unit. MASH units were nomadic infirmaries used by the military. Your Grandfather worried a batch about your Daddy every clip he listened to the intelligence on the wireless. This was besides the twelvemonth that Senator Joseph McCarthy began the Communist enchantress Hunts. Yet one more thing for your Grandfather to worry approximately since he worked in Hollywood and Hollywood was one of Joe McCarthy’s chief marks.
I was 60 old ages old in 1960 and your Grandfather was 65. He retired that twelvemonth and we moved to Sun City Arizona to a new type of community for retired persons. Your Grandfather played gold. and I played span. and our favourite times were when your Daddy brought you to see. This was the twelvemonth when the Civil Rights motion truly got traveling. Several immature work forces in North Carolina became involved in something called a sit-in when a eating house refused to function them because they were African American.
The African Congo besides gained independency that twelvemonth and an American named Gary Powers was arrested in the USSR for winging his U-2 undercover agent field over the Soviet Union. In 1985 I turned 80 and your Grandfather died that twelvemonth. I moved in with your Auntie Lou who was a individual calling adult female raising 3 childs on her ain. I helped her take attention of your cousins. That twelvemonth at that place was dearth in Ethiopia and a group of instrumentalists from all over the United States and Europe got together to raise money to direct nutrient and physicians to assist. They called themselves Live Aid and although I hate rock music I watched the concert with you kids on the colour Television.
Former film Actor Ronald Reagan is elected to the Presidency for a 2nd clip that twelvemonth and his married woman Nancy was known for her gustatory sensation in apparels. The popular films that twelvemonth were adolescent films directed by a adult male named John Hughes. I liked the 1s with Molly Ringwald in them because she was such a sweet miss and reminded me a batch of you. This would besides be the twelvemonth that signaled the beginning of the terminal for the USSR. Mikhail Gorbachev was elected to take the USSR and he would implement constabularies of Glasnost or openness during his clip as Premier of the USSR.
This twelvemonth is the alteration of the millenary and I am 95 old ages old. Everyone is afraid of something called Y2K that will purportedly destruct all the computing machines in the universe. George W. Bush is elected after a instead controversial election Terrorism is besides on the rise with several U. S. soldiers being killed in the bombardment of the U. S. S Cole in Yemen. In Northern Ireland the argument over place regulation still rages and the IRA refuses to demilitarize. Finally. married woman of former President Bill Clinton. Hillary Rodham Clinton runs for a place in the NY senate. I have seen many alterations in my life. when I was born most people did non hold electricity. telephones or autos.
Most people lived in the state. and did non go to school after the 8th class. Workers did non hold many rights at all and adult females. African Americans. and homophiles had no rights whatsoever. We seldom left the towns that we grew up in and universe events impacted us really small. Now there is non one place in this state that does non hold electric visible radiations. or a telephone. Most kids graduate from High School. and even travel to college. Groups that did non hold many rights when I was born now have freedoms that allow them much greater chances in life. We have invented engineerings that can either salvage lives such as the unreal bosom. or destroy humanity as we know it such as biological weapons. or atomic bombs.