The Philippines is an archipelago. which means it is made up of a group of islands and is rich in organic structures of H2O such as the oceans. rivers. and lakes. However. harmonizing to the informations released by Water Environment Partnership in Asia ( WEPA ) in 2005. 42. 89 % of the Waterss in the Philippines are contaminated. These contaminated Waterss have non merely been continuously harming people. but besides the aquatic ecosystem of the state. It is said that about 31 per centum of unwellness monitored for a 5-year period were caused by H2O borne beginnings. Furthermore. more and more ecosystems are being polluted. doing serious diseases. H2O deficits. and extinction of aquatic animate beings and coral reefs. In this essay. I would wish to discourse about three chief beginnings of H2O pollution in the Philippines and its possible solutions: one. domestic waste ; two. agricultural waste ; and three. industrial waste.
The first ground concerns domestic waste. Domestic waste refers to the organic pollution that normally comes from our houses by bring forthing activities such as utilizing the lavatory. making the wash. and rinsing dishes. Unknown to many Filipinos. their places are the biggest beginning of H2O pollution. lending 48 per centum of the organic pollution in the state. The ground for this is that most of the houses in the Philippines are non connected to a H2O sewage system. which consequences to the taint of groundwater with wastewaters and wastes from infected armored combat vehicles. Exposure. consumption. or contact with this contaminated H2O. which normally occur in the less fortunate country of the state. kill 1. 997 people per 100. 000 population by either cholera. bacterial diarrhoea. hepatitis A. or enteric fever febrility. the Department of Health stated. Most Filipinos are non cognizant of this issue. and if they were. most would non be able to afford linking on a sewage system.
The following ground concerns the running off of agricultural waste. The Philippines is chiefly an agricultural state with a land of 30 million hectares. 47 per centum of which is agricultural. Having stated this. agricultural waste in the Philippines contributes 37 per centum of the H2O pollution in the state. No 1 would oppugn the critical value of H2O and nutrient to human civilisations. However. these agricultural productions possess a serious menace to the rivers. The agricultural production of the Philippines has been based upon a big sum application of chemicals to the land. Fertilizers used for farming contain a big measure of N and P. These enrich the dirt near the lakes and rivers. and assist algae turn at a considerable rate. These algae use all the O and do non go forth anything for the remainder of the aquatic life about. Furthermore. algae formation blocks the transition of visible radiation and air for the other aquatic animate beings. This has an inauspicious consequence on the biological life of these aquatic animate beings. which is termed Eutrophication.
The 3rd ground concerns the discharge of industrial waste. The industrialisation of the Philippines has led to more and more infrastructure buildings and mills get downing to line up along the rivers. These mills find rivers and oceans a convenient topographic point to dump their waste stuffs such as acids. toxic metals. oil. and pesticides. For illustration. in Manila. the capital metropolis of the Philippines. an oil terminal built along the Pasig River has been let go ofing liquid and solid wastes that worsened the taint of the river. doing the river a immense cloaca system. These toxic substances are rather harmful for worlds every bit good as aquatic animate beings. Populating near these contaminated rivers means environing one’s ego with septic mosquitos that can give people dengue febrility. In add-on. with all these waste in the rivers. our fish acquire ill or are killed. taking to extinction of fish and lessening of nutrient production in the Philippines.
It is of import that action is taken to battle these jobs. For illustration. to decrease the distribution of domestic wastes to the H2O pollution in the Philippines. proper sensitisation of the multitudes about the demand for proper disposal of domestic waste should be implemented. Educational undertakings where the people are taught about the importance and proper domestic waste disposal should be set up. This will cover with the job of the ignorance of the multitudes. Puting up equal waste managing. such as seting biodegradable and non-biodegradable rubbish tins in schools and public countries. disposal installations and a proper disposal location with proper direction will salvage people from heedlessly disposing waste. Furthermore. the authorities should implement bing Torahs and reconstitute the budget for environmental issues and guarantee at least 50 per centum of the houses are connected on a H2O sewage system.
To decrease and halt agricultural wastes that pollutes H2O. bar of the use of harmful chemical as fertilisers are needed. While people may happen N and P helpful. much of their volume is being washed off on lawns and into the nearest waterways. These besides tend to degrade the quality of the dirt. doing more and more trust on the chemicals over clip. Eutrophication can be avoided by utilizing minimum needed sums of chemical fertilisers and or by utilizing natural fertilisers such us manure or compost. Making certain that the Fieldss where these chemicals and fertilisers are non near to the rivers. taking excess attention while utilizing fertilisers during showery seasons in the Philippines normally from June to September. which can run-off and transmitted to the Waterss and can do obstruction of waterways. decease of marine life and breakage of nutrient concatenation should be done instantly and earnestly.
For the decrease of industrial wastes. the authorities should non allow mills and edifices to be built near or along the oceans or rivers. Constructing these substructures off from the Waterss will forestall the discharge of waste stuffs such as oil and toxic metals. These companies will hold no other options. but to segregate their wastes and dispose it decently. Any offender shall be punished by the jurisprudence and pay a large sum of mulct. which will be so used to handle the contaminated H2O by filtration and deposit. This manner. companies will be more careful about their determinations in taking locations on where to construct their mills. Furthermore. this jurisprudence will merely hold positive results because the money that the wrongdoers pay will be for a good and better cause.
In decision. the Philippines is a state enriched of seas. rivers. lakes. and other organic structures of H2O that are now polluted due to different human activities. There are three chief beginnings of H2O pollution in the Philippines. The first is domestic wastes which come from houses when people bathe. wash apparels. and wash dishes. Learning about proper waste disposal and implementing Torahs should be done to decrease this pollution beginning. The 2nd beginning is agricultural waste. which refers to the big sum of chemicals put in the land for nutrient production. which after used. are washed off to the Waterss and produces algae that harms the aquatic ecosystem and pollutes it. Prevention of the use of chemicals used in agricultural work will assist diminish the sum of pollution. The 3rd beginning is industrial waste. Industrial wastes are the wastewaters coming from large mills that are built and connected to the rivers and lakes. Making new Torahs that will penalize these mills and companies will lend to minimising H2O pollution in the Philippines. To sum up. human activities in general are the chief grounds for the terrible H2O pollution in the Philippines and we worlds. are besides the lone 1s who can halt this critical environmental job.