“Historians agree that World War II changed life for American adult females in the twentieth century. The Civil War had merely every bit great an impact on the lives of American adult females in the nineteenth century. ” ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www. defenselink. mil ) Staying at place. adult females could assist the war attempt by running concerns. doing apparels. and taking attention of their farms. but some adult females wanted to make more. Some adult females went to go nurses and helped wounded soldiers. some became undercover agents. and still others posed as work forces and enlisted in ground forcess. about all adult females did their best to assist during the civil war.
“Over 3. 000 adult females served as nurses between 1861 and 1865. Since nursing schools were non established until 1873 they had no formal preparation. Many had no work experience outside the place. ” ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www. northnet. org ) As nurses. adult females worked in infirmaries taking attention of hurt soldiers. The novelist Louisa May Alcott described the soldiers as “riddled with shooting and shell” and “torn and shattered” . Two celebrated nurses were Mary Edwards Walker. who earned a Congressional Medal Honor for her medical service. and Clara Barton. Clara Barton was known as the “Angel of the Battlefield. ” she used her place as a warehouse to hive away medical supplies. and with the aid of her friends. she distributed them to parade. When the authorities began to direct equal supplies. she began an organisation to turn up losing soldiers. In 1869. she founded the American Red Cross. after going abroad. Dorthea Dix. who originally worked towards bettering the attention of mentally sick people. was recruited as the overseer of the Union ground forces nurses.
She made infirmaries. oversaw run uping societies. helped acquire medical supplies. and recruited and trained adult females to be nurses. “Her demands in a nurse were rigorous – non excessively immature. non excessively reasonably. and of rigorous moral character. She preferred farm adult females accustomed to the sight of blood. Nurses wore merely kick brown or black frocks with no hoop skirts. jewellery. or accoutrements and no coil. ” ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www. northnet. org ) Many adult females became nurses to care for loved 1s who had been injured in conflict. Maria Eastman Olmstead Eldred. Ellon McCormick Looby. and Alvira Beech Robinson were a few nurses who left their places to care for their injured hubbies. ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www. northnet. org ) Many of the nurses were unprepared for the challenges and horrors that would confront them. However. surrounded by decease. confronted with the lacerate organic structures of soldiers and hemorrhoids of loose limbs. they persevered.
Other adult females took a more active function in assisting with the war and became undercover agents. Two such adult females undercover agents were Ginnie and Lottie Moon. They were two sisters who spied for the Confederates during the war. They were born in Virginia but moved to Oxford. Ohio when they were immature. Their place. “The Moon House” is a historic site in Oxford. Emmeline Piggott was another undercover agent and runner. She carried supplies and messages in big pockets under her full skirts. After making this many times. she was caught. arrested. and imprisoned. However. she was released and sent place finally. Elizabeth C. Howland was another successful Confederate undercover agent. She sent her immature boy and girl to transport messages. The immature kids. looking guiltless. were allowed to go through through enemy lines. ( hypertext transfer protocol: //userpages. aug. com ) One of the most celebrated female undercover agents was Belle Boyd. After the war. she became an actress and was know on phase as “La Belle Rebelle” .
Her existent name was Isabelle Boyd. she was born in Martinsburg. West Virginia in 1844. Near the beginning of the war. she helped in traditional ways. turn overing patchs and raising money for the Confederate forces. but that shortly changed. Union soldiers occupied Martinsburg in July of 1861 ; Boyd mingled with Union officers and learned some of their programs. She told the Confederate forces all that she had heard. Boyd continued to descry for the Confederates and delivered messages for Maj. John S. Mosby. She was arrested by Union forces and held in Washington until she developed enteric fever and was paroled in a captive exchange. Elizabeth Van Lew. a Union undercover agent. accomplished much more than Boyd. Born in Richmond. Virginia. she despised bondage. She freed all of her household slaves and even bought other slaves to liberate them every bit good. She frequently visited Union captives held in Richmond. she took them nutrient and medical specialty. Many of the captives had heard Confederate programs after they were captured. and Van Lew invented a codification to direct what they knew to Union forces.
Her neighbours called her “Crazy Bet. ” and she decided to move the portion. She talked to herself. dressed in old and beat-up apparels. and did non comb her hair. All of Richmond thought that Crazy Bet’s understanding for the Union was portion of her lunacy. Van Lew besides got one of her former slaves. Elizabeth Bowser. a occupation as a house retainer for Jefferson Davis. Together. they collected and passed a great trade of information to the North. ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www. defenselink. mil ) Nancy Hart served as a Confederate lookout. usher. and undercover agent ; she carried messages between Southern Armies. She went to stray Federal outstations. feigning to be a pedlar. to describe their strength. population. and exposure to General Jackson. Hart was 20 old ages old when she was captured and jailed. with guards invariably policing the edifice. “Nancy gained the trust of one of her guards. got his arm from him. shooting him. and escaped. ” ( hypertext transfer protocol: //userpages. aug. com )
“You will see by this paper that on the fifteenth twenty-four hours of November 1866 I enlisted in the United States ground forces at St. Louis. in the Thirty-eighth United States Infantry Company A. Capt. Charles E. Clarke commanding. ” ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www. buffalosoldier. cyberspace ) Cathay Williams or “William Cathay” was a former slave. liberated by the Union who wanted to assist in the war attempt. She joined the war but before her three old ages were finished. she decided that she wanted to go forth the ground forces and complained of strivings in her side. and rheumatism in her articulatio genuss. The physician who examined her discovered that she was a adult female and she was discharged. ( hypertext transfer protocol: //www. buffalosoldier. cyberspace )
Other adult females who served as work forces were Sarah Emma Edmonds. assumed name Franklin Thompson. Jennie Hodgers who served and fought for three old ages as Albert Cashier. and “a adult female known merely as Emily. who ran off from place at 19 and joined the membranophone corps of a Michigan Regiment. ” ( hypertext transfer protocol: //userpages. aug. com ) She was changeable and her sex discovered. while deceasing she at foremost refused to give her existent name but finally agreed to order a missive to her male parent in Brooklyn. “Forgive your deceasing girl. I have but a few minutes to populate. My native dirt drinks my blood. I expected to present my state but the destinies would non hold it so. I am content to decease. Pray forgive me…… Emily. ” ( hypertext transfer protocol: //userpages. aug. com )
I think that if adult females had non helped every bit much as they did during the Civil War. it could hold been wholly different. These adult females greatly expanded the range of expected character of adult females in the nineteenth century. From “La Belle Rebelle” to 19 twelvemonth old Emily. everyone helped in their ain manner.